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Organization and Structure

Alliance Organization

The FutureGen Industrial Alliance, Inc. is structured as a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization in order to focus on technology advancement rather than profits. Alliance members contributing to the project do not receive any direct financial returns from participation in FutureGen. All revenue from the sale of any marketable byproducts will be returned to the non-profit. This arrangement enables the Alliance members to focus on developing innovative approaches to generating electricity from coal in a cleaner way than ever envisioned. The non-profit structure will enable the Alliance to take more risk in experimenting with advanced technologies than would be the case if traditional measures of financial return were considered.

Board Members

Sean D. Major
Chairman of the Board
Greg A. Walker
Secretary and Treasurer
Frederick Palmer
Member at Large
Mick Buffier
Member at Large
Julian Beere
Member at Large
Phil Cavatoni
Member at Large
Management Team
Kenneth K. Humphreys
Chief Executive Officer 

Mark Williford
Vice President, Generation

Paul Wood
Oxy-combustion Project Manager

Paul Champagne
Chief Development Officer

Sean D. Major – Chairman of the Board

Mr. Major is responsible for Joy Global’s legal affairs, including its two primary business segments, P&H Mining and Joy Mining Machinery.  Prior to joining Joy Global, he was employed by Johnson Controls, Inc., holding roles with increasing legal responsibility. Mr. Major started his in house career with Abbott Laboratories as Counsel International after working for seven years in private practice with law firms in Chicago and Tokyo.  He earned his bachelor’s degree in Economics from DePauw University, his juris doctor degree from Indiana University, and his masters of business administration from Northwestern University’s J.L. Kellogg Graduate School of Management.

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Greg A. Walker – Secretary and Treasurer

Greg Walker assumed the position of Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary for Foundation Coal in July 2004. Effective August 1, 2009, Foundation Coal Corporation was merged into its parent company, Alpha Natural Resources, Inc. In this position he oversees the legal, land, environmental and government affairs functions of a major U.S. coal producer. He has more than 25 years of experience with legal and regulatory issues in the domestic and international mining and energy sectors.

Greg has a J.D. degree from the University of Florida and a B.A. in Geology and Environmental Science from the University of Pennsylvania.

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Frederick Palmer – Member at Large

Fred Palmer is Senior Vice President of Government Relations for Peabody Energy where he is responsible for advancing state and federal policies related to the production and use of coal. Prior to joining Peabody, Fred served as Of Counsel at Shook, Hardy, and Bacon in Washington, DC, and as General Manager, CEO, and General Counsel of the Western Fuels Association. He is a member of the Board of Directors for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, and a member of the National Coal Council serving on the Executive Committee and Chairman of the Coal Policy Committee. Fred is a 2004 recipient of the Erskine Ramsay Medal Award from the Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration. He has served on various professional boards with roles including Chairman of the Environmental Information Council, President of the Board of Directors of the Greening Earth Society, and Chair of the Climate Change Task Force for the National Mining Association.

Fred holds J.D. and B.A degrees from the University of Arizona.

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Mick Buffier – Member at Large

Mr. Buffier joined Xstrata Coal in February 2001 and has over 30 years of experience in the coal mining industry. He holds a Bachelor of Civil Engineering (Hons) from Sydney University and a Masters of Business Administration from Newcastle University.

Appointed Group Executive, Xstrata Coal in March 2009, Mr Buffier is responsible for Corporate Affairs, Government Relations and Sustainable Development across Xstrata’s global coal operations.

Prior to this Mr Buffier was Chief Operating Officer of Xstrata’s coal mining operations in NSW, a position he held from 2002. Before joining Xstrata, Mr Buffier held various positions including Mining Engineer, Senior Mining Engineer, Production Manager, Mine Manager and General Manager.

Mr Buffier is the Chairman of the NSW Minerals Council, a member of the Executive Committee and the Coal Committee. He is a Board member of Australian Coal Association Low Emission Technologies Pty Ltd (ACALET) and the National Low Emission Coal Council R&D Board (NLECC). Mr Buffier is also a Ministerial appointee to the NSW Clean Coal Council. He is an Alternate Director of the World Coal Institute and an Associate of the Coal Industry Advisory Board.

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Phil Cavatoni – Member at Large

Mr. Cavatoni has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Strategy Officer of Alpha Natural Resources since August 2009.  Prior to the company’s merger with Foundation Coal in 2009, he served as Alpha’s Treasurer and Executive Vice President finance and strategy from February 2009 to July 2009.  During his time at Alpha, Mr. Cavatoni has been responsible for leading the execution of the company’s strategic and financial direction and its natural gas operations.  In addition, he has been responsible for communications, government affairs and managing idled mining operations.

Before joining Alpha, Mr. Cavatoni held various positions with JPMorgan, beginning in 1991.  His most recent position with JPMorgan was as Managing Director and Head of the firm’s Global Basics Materials practice. In this role he served as the senior investment banker responsible for management of client relationships, advisory and financing transactions and the strategic allocation of capital across the sector.  He also spent 15 years in the firm’s Merger and Acquisition practice.

Mr. Cavatoni has a Bachelor of Science in Commerce and Engineering from Drexel University’s LeBow College of Business and holds an MBA from the University of Chicago, Booth School of Business.

He serves on the Board of Directors of the FutureGen Alliance, Ceratech and Cimetrics Technologies.

Mr. Cavatoni is a member of the Drexel University President’s Leadership Council and Energy Council.  Community activity includes his service on the Board of Directors for the Virginia Highlands Community College Foundation and the Boy Scouts of America Sequoya Council.  He is also an assistant Troop Leader for Boy Scout Troop 8 in Bristol, Virginia.

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Kenneth K. Humphreys – Chief Executive Officer

Kenneth K. Humphreys is chief executive officer of the FutureGen Alliance, a non-profit international consortium of companies that will build and operate the CO2 pipeline and storage network for the FutureGen 2.0 clean energy project in the U.S.

Humphreys has led the Alliance since September 2010, when the U.S. Department of Energy restructured the FutureGen project to be the world’s first large-scale, near-zero emissions power plant using carbon capture and storage (CCS) and oxy-combustion technologies. Previously, Humphreys served as the Alliance’s managing director.

Prior to his role with the Alliance, Humphreys was Director of the Carbon Management Initiative and was Sustainable Technology Development Chief Engineer at Battelle. He has spent the last 20 years working in the energy sector on public and private sector ventures and is a recognized expert in CCS technology.

Humphreys graduated from West Virginia University and has a master’s degree in engineering management from Washington State University.

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Mark H. Williford, P.E. – Vice President, Generation

Mark has over 28 years of experience as an engineering and project management professional holding bachelor’s and master’s degrees in civil/structural engineering from the University of Virginia.  He has a diverse experience background including six years of AE consulting, fifteen years with Air Products planning and executing a variety of environmental, energy, and hydrogen projects, two years with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries America designing and supplying flue gas desulphurization equipment for Southern Company Plant Scherer, and with Ameren Energy Resources in the capacity of Director – Construction and Project Services.  In his Ameren role Mark also served as Project Director for the FutureGen 2.0 Oxy-Combustion Large Scale Test proposed at Ameren’s Meredosia Power Station.  Cumulatively, Mr. Williford has been directly involved with the design and supply of over $2 Billion in large environmental and clean energy projects.

Most recently Mark has joined the FutureGen Alliance as Vice President – Generation, responsible for the design, construction, commissioning and start-up of both the Oxy-Combustion and Pipeline / Storage portions of the FutureGen 2.0 project.

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